What is, what are its functions, the problems in cycling and the remedies
Let's analyze what are the factors triggering the pathological phenomenon:
The Riding Position:a position too long on the medium leads to a more natural pressure on the perineum, the greater the more the athlete has a good flexibility of the pelvis. In one subject with the pelvis hard, in fact, when one reaches the handlebars pelvis rotates forward by putting pressure on the perineum. In a person with a good flexibility of the pelvis that is perpendicular to the seat and back, especially the lower back to lean forward to allow the athlete to grasp the handlebar. In this way the perineum is not at all compressed. It is no coincidence that inflammation of the perineum is more prevalent among cyclists in this little road and mountain bikes, where we have a more upright riding position, which compresses under the perineum. In the presence of inflammation of the perineum is well before proceeding to a review of the riding position by raising the position of the torso by a handlebar higher and near the saddle.
Saddle inclination: in the presence of problems to the perineum is well tilt the saddle nose down a few millimeters (3-5 mm), this helps to reduce the pressure exerted on the perineum from the body.
Saddle Width: the saddle should have a good rear width to provide support to broad ischial tuberosities and a good distribution of body weight over a wide area. Saddles with narrow ischial tuberosities are not sufficiently support slipping out of the saddle (even minimally), this leads as a result of a compression of the perineum.
Saddle Length: it is good to prefer a long saddle, so as never to ride in a saddle point or near the tip, an area where the compression of the perineum is greatest.
Saddle Hull Rigidity: is well prefer those hull that have a good back stiffness, which supports the buttock, and a good flexibility of the central part, thus reducing pressure on the perineum.
Saddle Padded: is preferable to a gel padding layered section, with a higher amount of gel in the back seat and the two sides, while the center should be minimal to reduce pressure on your perineum.
Saddle Hole Decompression: must be present, must be broad and long in order to provide real relief, so it is good to prefer long and wide saddles.
Specials Saddles: saddles are very short and blunt (one for all Unsaddle) are effective, expensive and difficult to find, but the only solution to difficult cases.
Saddle Life: saddle is not eternal, depending on usage tends to lose its own characteristics. The padding is crushed and the hull is deformed with time. All this leads to increased pressure on the perineum. If heavy use is preferable to replace it every year, and may reach 3 in the presence of more moderate use. Besides the characteristics of foams and gels lose their characteristics, even without use, and should be replaced.
Bib Pad: is a need for high quality pad, gel, of great thickness. Must be complied with in order to have a large area of decompression in the middle and be breathable to allow sweat to evaporate forever.
Bib Pad Life: a good pad can last a year with intense activity. After his features began to lose effectiveness, this leads to increased compression of the perineum. Even without overuse, however, it should be replaced every 2 seasons the bottom (and hence the overalls), since the materials with which it has done over time lose their mechanical properties.
Emollient Creams: relieves inflammation of the perineum is also using special creams intimate, pre-and post-training, moisturize the area, reduce redness and prevent inflammation. To be used in particular for subjects with high sensitivity of the perineum.