What is, what are its functions, the problems in cycling and the remedies

With the perineum is called perineal area or that area of the body in males and females is located between the pubic symphysis and the coccyx.

More specifically in men is between the anus and the beginning of the scrotum, while in the women is between the anus and the beginning of the vagina. The perineal area covers an area shaped like a diamond on the bottom surface of the trunk that is bounded above by the pubic symphysis, down from the coccyx, and laterally by the two ischial tuberosities. This area is then divided into two parts, upper and lower urogenital or anal or from a line drawn from the ischial tuberosity to the other. The main artery that insists perineal artery perineal area while the main muscles are the deep transverse perineal muscle and superficial transverse perineal muscle. Between nerves insist the perineal nerve, scrotal nerve, the dorsal nerve of penis dorsal nerve of the clitoris. The perineum and the muscles involved in the mechanisms of erection of the corpora cavernosa of the genitals and in regulating the activity of the urethral sphincter and anus.